At Saurina Institut Cientific we always use the latest technology. In the specific case of radiofrequencies, we have all different and most advanced types that exist. But what is radiofrequency and what is it for? What types of radiofrequency are there? What are its effects? And its contraindications?
Radiofrequency is a technology that emits electromagnetic radiation that alternates its polarity, causing a thermogenic effect (controlled heat in different layers of the skin).
There are different types of radio frequencies:
Tripolar and multipolar Radiofrequency
In monopolar radiofrequency, an electrode and a return plate are used, which causes current to flow through the body completing the circuit. With this radiofrequency we can treat the deepest tissue (dermis and hypodermis), and treat muscles, tendons and joints in physiotherapy field.
The bipolar radiofrequency has a head with two pole emitters and receivers of energy that create an arc-shaped current circuit. With this, we can increase the temperature in superficial layers (epidermis and dermis) and we have better control of the energy and the area of application.
The three-pole radio frequency has a head with four poles that create two crossed fields of energy to reinforce its emission and allows to focus more accurately on the area of application. A higher temperature is achieved in the deepest layers of the tissue, which emanates to the surface layers. In the case of multipolar radiofrequency, instead of four poles, there are six or more, and three or more crossed electric fields are generated synchronously. Occasionally, it incorporates an additional monopolar pole.
In FACIAL treatments, radiofrequency restructures and stimulates the production of collagen and elastin, thereby reducing wrinkles and noticeably improving flaccidity. The effect is gradual and progressive, depending on the patient’s condition. The skin recovers its tightness and, in case of excess of fat, it helps us redefine the facial oval and reduce the double chin.
In BODY treatments, it is used to fight localized fat, cellulite and flaccidity. It is treated both superficially and deeply as well as destroying adipocytes (fat concentrations), reduces flaccidity, tightens tissue and improves skin tone.
As far as the result is concerned, collagen traction is immediately achieved by reducing flaccidity, gradually deep collagen is restructured and new fibers are formed, which increase the elasticity of the tissue improving flaccidity. As for the reduction of adipose tissue, apoptosis is executed immediately, progressively the adipocytes are eliminated naturally (lysis or dissolution) decreasing the volume of fat and / or cellulite.
In physiotherapy fields it is possible to improve blood circulation and oxygenation of tissues in injured areas, improving lymphatic drainage and therefore reducing edema. It also vascularizes the muscles and reduces the healing time of tendons, joints and ligaments. In bone lesions, it helps regeneration and increases density, in addition to reducing peripheral inflammation of the lesion.
The effects at the cellular level are:
Shortening and contraction of the collagen fibers, which elevate the tissue treating flaccidity.
Activation of fibroblasts stimulating neocollagenesis and neoelastogenesis (creation of new collagen and elastin), which thickens the tissue and reorganizes the fibrous septa. The effect is progressive.
In the hypodermis, it accelerates fats metabolism generating their reduction, causing the lipolysis of adipocytes. Consequently, the volume of the treated area is reduced.
Increased permeability of cell membranes, allowing better transfer of metabolites and absorption of the active ingredients applied during treatment.
Obviously, depending on the objective of the application of radiofrequency, it is very important to use the right one in each case, configuring the parameters accurately and applying it correctly by the technical staff, who must be perfectly trained.
Radiofrequency offers excellent results when a treatment is developed combined with other technologies, active principles and massage techniques, which complement each other to achieve the desired goal.
In terms of side effects, after application may appear a slight redness in the area due to increased heat and vascularization, which disappears within a few hours. It is a non-invasive and safe technology.
As in any treatment, to intensify its effect is necessary to use a cosmetic home treatment that the technical staff will define based on the type and condition of the skin.
Radiofrequency should not be applied if the patient presents the following states and/or pathologies: pregnancy and lactation, severe heart disease, coagulation alterations, connective tissue diseases, neuromuscular diseases, cancer, morbid obesity, patients with metal prostheses, pacemakers and defibrillators. In the case of patients with silicone prostheses, radiofrequency cannot be applied in the surrounding area.